Trees of Concourse Lake

A Study Project by the Participating Garden Clubs of the Philadelphia Committee of the Garden Club of America

Four Counties Garden Club

Cercis canadensis - Eastern Redbud – Rapidly growing small tree, 20 to 25ft.  Cluster of vivid pink flowers in early spring on leafless stems.  Unique heart shaped leaves 3 to 5 inches long and wide. 2 to 4 inch seedpods add winter interest.

Eastern Redbud

Tilia americana – American Linden - Medium to large tree 50 to 70 ft. Fragrant pale yellow flowers with 5 petals in pendulous clusters produce abundant nectar. Large trees provide nesting sites for woodpeckers, wood ducks and other wildlife.

American Linden

The Gardeners

Oxydendrum arboreum– Sourwood - Small to medium tree for all seasons.  White, fragrant urn-shaped flowers in drooping clusters are favored by honeybees. Brilliant crimson fall color can last up to 6 weeks. Blocky bark resembles alligator skin.

Sourwood Tree

Liquidambar styraciflua - Sweetgum – Medium to large, long-lived stately tree.  Unique star-shaped leaves can turn yellow, scarlet, orange and purple all at once creating spectacular fall color. Fruits are spiky brown ball-like clusters on long stalks that add to winter interest.

Sweetgum Tree

Garden Workers

Taxodium distichum– Bald-cypress – Large stately deciduous tree, especially well suited to wet areas where it will often form woody pillars (knees). Longest living tree of the East at 1,622 years.  Pumpkin colored fall foliage.

Bald Cypress

Huntington Valley Garden Club

Asimina triloba– Pawpaw – Small tropical looking tree, often forms loose colonies.  Edible, vitamin-rich fruit similar in taste to bananas, enjoyed by humans and wildlife. Beautiful clear yellow fall color.

Pawpaw Tree

The Garden Club of Philadelphia

Quercus velutina– Eastern Black Oak – One of approximately 60 Oak species in the U.S.  Medium sized 50 to 80ft tall.  New leaves crimson in spring turning silvery and then dark green. Acorns mature in second season.

Black Oak

Diospyros virginiana– Common Persimmon – Native to dry woods from Connecticut to Florida often forming groves. Dark brown bark resembles charcoal briquettes.  Plum-shaped edible fruit in autumn, bright golden orange when ripe

Common Persimmon

The Planters

Fagus grandifolia– American Beech – Medium to large deciduous tree, 60 to 80ft. Distinctive smooth gray bark and persistent pale straw colored leaves make winter identification easy. Edible beechnuts are abundant and important benefit to wildlife.

American Beech

Providence Garden Club

Quercus alba – White Oak – Majestic, wide spreading, long-lived tree. Edible acorns produced each year with heavy crops every 4 to 7 years. Extremely important lumber tree and listed as #1 wildlife tree by Dr. Douglas Tallamy.

White Oak

The Weeders

Castanea dentata – American Chestnut – Once known as “Queen of the American Forest” is was severely afflicted by Chestnut Blight in the 1920s. Until that time it was one of our most important forest trees. Research is under way by the American Chestnut Society to restore this magnificent tree.

American Chestnut

West Chester Garden Club 

Sassafras albidum – Sassafras – Often called the “Mitten Tree” describing the shape of the leaves. A medium sized tree that may form dense thickets from root suckers.  All parts are aromatic and spicy. Blue-black fruits on female trees are eaten by birds and other wildlife.

Sassafras Leaves

Cornus alternifolia– Pagoda Dogwood – Small flowering tree with horizontal branching. Small off-white fragrant flowers in late spring followed by blue-black berries on showy red stalks. Important tree for birds and butterflies.

Pagoda Dogwood

The Garden Club of Wilmington

Ilex opaca– American Holly – Small, 20 to 40ft, upright, evergreen tree. Wide-ranging and broadly adaptable. Very shade tolerant growing well under deciduous trees. Leathery, prickly leaves and red fruit on female trees.

Ilex opaca

Wissahickon Garden Club

Acer saccharum– Sugar Maple – Medium to large deciduous tree. One of the largest and most important commercial hardwood trees.  Star of the eastern U.S. autumn foliage show setting hillsides ablaze with gold, orange and scarlet. Good wildlife tree and principle source for maple syrup production.

Sugar Maple

– Franklinia – Slow growing small tree to 25ft. Originally found by John Bartram along the Altamaha River in Georgia in 1795. No longer exists in wild. Attractive white flowers in August and September, exception scarlet fall color.

Franklinia

Alley of Trees of Concourse Lake

Thank you for your photographs and horticultural expertise:

Eva Monheim, BS, BA, MAETemple University - Ambler Campus
Faculty Member in Horticulture

TURF-CreWS Liason for School of Environmental Design (SED)
Department of Landscape Architecture and Horticulture
School of Environmental Design, College of Liberal Arts

“Love the Lake”